Diabetes can affect dogs and other pets much the same as humans. It's a chronic disease with no cure; however, with proper care, it can be easily managed.
In sugar diabetes, the cells stop taking in the glucose and are starved. The glucose-filled sugary blood surrounds the organs and starts damaging them.
gestational diabetes happens during pregnancy and is caused by hormonal changes.
A simple blood test is required to measure your dog's glucose level. This is the most efficient way to test for diabetes.
Since there are many medicine labels with varying qualities, you should always focus on the treatment plan rather than the medicine labels.
Your effort in treating diabetes would be to keep the glucose level as close as possible to normal. It should be done so that they don't develop further diabetes-related problems in the future.